Painting and Decorating Made Easier!

Archive for the ‘Paint crews’ Category

Cocoa Beach Hotel Faces Changes Head On

In March, a hotel GM in Cocoa Beach invited me to stay there for several days. It was the idea of the property management company that had contacted me, way back in 2013, about a position.

 

“Pack a clean set of whites,” had been added at the end of the email. Curious. I did as requested, and headed for the ocean.

 

For the next three days, the hotel’s painter and management company regional director of operations led me around the property. They pointed out surfaces that needed work. They walked me through areas they wanted to improve. They showed me themes and color schemes that the owners wanted to change. And, they made lots of notes on their iPads.

 

The fourth day, we revisited some of those areas. Then, we sat at a small shaded table, and went over the men’s notes. By that time, typed into a hard copy for each of us.

 

Usually, that’s when “the best laid plan hits the fan” (my paraphrase). What the budget can bear differs a lot from the combined needs and wish lists. And, available time and manpower.

 

Not in this case. Everyone at the decision table has been motivated – and ready to move.

 

For example: Here’s what has happened within the last month and a half.

 

  1. A local general contractor was hired to repair and upgrade guest rooms and suites, two restaurants, game room, health club, children’s playground, and part of the conference center.

 

  1. A specialty contractor has signed on to remodel the main kitchen, and public restrooms.

 

  1. The GM has been authorized to add three people to the engineering staff for two full years.

All three will start work August 01, 2017. Each will handle specific aspects of the property upgrade.

 

  1. Grounds-landscaping specialist – Redesign and re-landscape the front entrance, nature sanctuary, rest, and walkway areas.
  2. HVAC and OSHA specialist – Handle vent system cleaning, filter installation, room thermostat replacements, bathroom fan/ventilation system cleaning and repairs.
  3. Painter – Prepping and repainting all areas designated on the improvement list.

 

Each of the three new engineering employees worked previously at, or on, the hotel property.

 

Each is a certified specialist in his or her trade.

 

Each is proficient in English and Spanish. One also speaks and writes Portuguese and Mandarin Chinese.

 

Each is related to a current hotel staff member.

 

Few engineering departments are able to gain three additional workers at once. Fewer have the luxury to employ three specialists at once.

 

It is done more readily in other parts of the U. S. It can be done when both the hotel management and owners are operating on the same wave length. At the same time.

 

An exciting thing to see in action – to be a part of – when it happens.

 

 

“Together… making a place for the human spirit to find ease, if only for one night’s stay…”

 From: Somewhere Safe with Somebody Good, by Jan Karon. Copyright 2015.

 

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

As always! Many thanks for visiting “Painting with Bob.”

Copyright 2017. Robert D. Hajtovik. All rights reserved.

Heat Illness: Preparing-for-Prevention Tips for Painters: Part II

As painters and decorators, we are our own best advocates in preventing heat illness on the job. We must play an active role in the protection of our own health. We cannot leave the responsibility to our employers.

 

In fact, both OSHA and EPA limit the employer’s level of responsibility. Employers tend to make these work-related choices, and provide preventive measures at their discretion.

 

Now – the cooler months – is the time to come up with a plan to prevent and treat on-the-job heat illness symptoms.

 

Now is the time to determine how we will handle our workload during the sustaining hot and humid months/season. Especially in climates like Florida has from May through October.

 

NOW is the time to get the facts out about heat illness.

 

  1. Talk about it: types, symptoms, risks and warning signs, safety issues.
  2. Publicize it.
  3. Orient everyone on the team and staff about what to look for.
  4. Train team members and staff what to do, when, and how.
  5. Commit to on-going heat illness awareness and advocacy at the workplace.

 

Heat Illness Prevention Tips for Painters

 
1. Know your body.

A. What is your tolerance level to heat, humidity, and sun exposure (direct/indirect)?

B. What is your exertion limits within that tolerance level?

2. Know your work environment.

A. What is the highest temperatures in which you must work during the hottest, most humid season? How many hours a day? How many days a week?

B. What is the actual temperature felt by your body – with the heat index added?

C. What us the longest period of time during a work day, that you must work continuously in that actual temperature?

D. How many days during a week must you work continuously in those actual conditions?

E. What is the level of clean-air and ventilation within your work area(s) on a continual basis?

3. Know your job’s physical demands.

A. How many hours in a day must you work in hot, humid conditions? Number of days a week?

B. At how fast of a pace must you do your work? Very slow? Slow? Moderate? Fast? Very fast?

C. For how long a period must you keep up that pace? _____ minutes. _____ hours?

D. How many breaks do you get, ordinarily, each of these days?

1) At what times during the work day are the breaks scheduled?

2) How many additional breaks are you allowed during work days in hot, humid conditions?

3) How often can you take a break when heat and humidity conditions meet or exceed your tolerance level. (See 1 and 2 above.)

4. Know your physical limits in meeting the physical demands.

A. How many pounds can you lift, carry or move, ordinarily and at once?

1) Under hot, humid conditions, what is the maximum number of pounds? Without symptoms.

2) With B, do you need to use a cart or other conveyance piece of equipment?

B. How long can you climb and stand on a ladder?

1) Under hot, humid conditions, what is the maximum length of time? Without any symptoms

C. How long and often can you bend, stoop or crouch within one hour?

1) Under hot, humid conditions, what is the longest that you can do these? Without symptoms.

D. How long can you stand and how far can you walk without resting? Holding/carrying anything that weighs your maximum poundage? (See 4-A above.)

1) Under hot, humid conditions, what is the longest period and furthest distance that you can do these? Without any symptoms.

5. Know what your first heat illness symptoms may be.

A. What have been your first heat illness symptoms in the past?

B. What, if any, medical conditions that you have could cause or trigger heat illness symptoms?

C. What, if any, medications that you take could cause or trigger heat illness symptoms? Include over-the-counter products – eg. antihistamines, aspirins, nasal sprays.

 

Do you have a low tolerance level to any heat-humidity-ventilation environmental conditions?

  1. Avoid them. Work in cooler, shaded areas when above conditions do exist in other areas.
  2. Do not allow yourself to be placed in any situation that might cause, trigger and/or exacerbate your heat illness susceptibility.

 

SPECIAL LIFE-SAVING HEAT ILLNESS PREVENTION TIPS

 

  1. Schedule exterior painting during the coolest times of your work day. Examples: A. Dawn-to-10 AM. B. 5 PM-to-dusk or dark, or later.
  2. Plan to work on surfaces/areas opposite full-sun exposure. Examples: A. West and north sides of buildings when sun is over east and south sides.
  3. East and south sides of buildings when sun is on west and north sides.
  4. Plan to work in hot, humid areas when an emergency comes up. NOTE: Ordinarily, there are times when exterior painting must be done immediately.
  5. Wear short, white painter’s pants when you must work in outdoor temperatures 90 plus degrees. Regardless of the time period involved. NOTE: Get approval before the hot season arrives to adjust clothing to fit extreme heat/humidity conditions.
  6. Wear a cap or hat with a bill, when working and/or walking in the sun. TIP: Wider is wiser.
  7. Keep a drinking water supply with you at all times.
  8. Carry packs of small snacks in your pocket. Examples: Walnuts/almonds, Peanut M&Ms, raisins, trail mix, granola bars, energy bars.
  9. Carry frozen ice pack in small cooler on your golfcart or pushcart. While you’re at it, stick in a couple small cans of healthy juice. Examples: V-8, orange, apple. TIP: Pack a banana, too. High in potassium. Essential for sodium/hydration leveling.

 

BOTTOM LINE: The painter on duty must get his/her work done. One way or another. So watch out for yourself when the heat and humidity start to climb. And, set the standard for others to do the same.

 

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ***********

Learn and Live “Heat Illness” Free. Go to: www.osha.gov/heatillness.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ***********
Thanks for visiting “Painting with Bob.”

Copyright 2015, 2017. Robert D. Hajtovik. All rights reserved.

Painting Them: Hostels for Youth and Young Adults

In January of 2017, I will, for the first time, meet a third cousin from Rotterdam in the Netherlands. Frederich III is a professeur of microbiologie. He and five others have been invited to the United States to present papers on the impact of environmental changes upon our health.

 

Fred has two sons. They operate a large guest hostel located in a coastal city.

 

They employ a painter part-time. One of his jobs involves supervising youth and young adult “stay-overs,” who want to earn part of their room rates by doing some painting at the hostel.

 

Few of these young people have ever picked up a paint brush. Except, perhaps, an artist brush. So they do not know their capabilities in this area. Until they put a brush in one of their hands.

 

To make their possibly first painting experience a positive one, the hostel painter works them in pairs. Then, he lets them select, from a duty list, the small painting project they want to take on.

 

Most projects involve interior surfaces and areas. Repainting of the drywall parts of the ceilings, supported by huge rough-sawn beams. Filling, sanding and re-varnishing of the paneled walls in most sleeping rooms. Patching, sanding and refinishing of the hardwood floors, located throughout structure.

 

One of the biggest challenges is the repainting or refinishing of all surfaces in all public areas and “pass-through” corridors, as well as the miles and miles of dark oak stairs, railings, banisters, and trims. There’s a steady flow of traffic in and out of every area – 24 hours, seven days a week.

 

To help solve that problem and make it easier for the young guests to get the painting done, Fred’s boys developed a rotation system. Different two-person crews would be available to do painting at different times of the day or night. Translation: whenever a room or area became vacant for even a few hours.

 

Considering that most of the persons doing the work are novices – new to the craft, Fred says it’s been amazing to see how effective the system works. And, how qualitative the painting results have been.

 

“What about the outside?” I e-mailed Fred.

 

He said that the colder climate limits the exterior work that these young people are able to do. A few always come along, willing to put up with the elements while beautifying the outside of the building.

 

Four questions that will be answered later this month, with the help of the co-owners of the hostel.

 

1. How do the products used differ from those used in the U.S.?

2. How do the techniques or methods differ?

3. How do the average costs differ from those incurred in the U.S.?

4. How do the youth and young adult “painters” feel about the results they produce?

 

Fred, a silent partner in the hostel enterprise, already responded to Question 4. “They’re in surprise. Also, they express gratefulness for making some money to help pay for traveling expenses…”

 

Employing young hostel guests is not a new concept. Hostel operators around the world have,, for many years, employed them to work in the kitchen, restaurant/dining area and laundry. Employing them to handle repair and painting tasks and work orders is a newer pursuit.

***********************************************************

Travelers at any age can work their way to their destinations.

***********************************************************

Travel safe, travel well. Thanks for visiting “Painting with Bob.”

Copyright 2016. Robert D. Hajtovik. All rights reserved.

“Painting with Bob’s Hassle-Free, Health-Conscious Dutch Apple Pie”

Dutch Apple Pie has been a favorite of mine since childhood. Thanks to grandmothers, great aunts, and other women in the kitchen at holiday time that were experts at baking Grand Prize winner pies. Usually from scratch, by the way.

 

So, the boy grows up. He still loves Dutch Apple Pie. He can’t find a ready-made version that comes anywhere close to those family-made pies. So, he learns to bake it himself.

 

The recipe below is my on-the-go-to-work-on-Thanksgiving-Day-version.

 

PWB DUTCH APPLE PIE INGREDIENTS – All purchased from a Wal-Mart Super Store. All packaged and canned products: Great Value label, actually name brand products packaged en quantity for Wal-Mart.

Pie shells: 2 deep dish pie shells, ready to fill.

Filling: 1 14-18 ounce can Apple Pie filling, no sugar added; 2 large apples, pared and sliced; 1 teaspoon corn starch, 1 can water.

Topping: 2 whole graham crackers, crushed; ½ cup bran flakes or Cheerios, crushed; 2 tablespoons olive oil or 1 stick butter, unsalted; 2 tablespoons sugar; 1 egg yolk, beaten. NOTE: Set aside unbeaten egg white.

 

PWB DUTCH APPLE PIE INSTRUCTIONS

 

Preheat oven to 350 degrees.

FILLING

1.Into small saucepan, pour ¾ cup water. Add sliced apple pieces. Simmer on LOW for 5 minutes maximum. Drain water.

2. Into medium mixing bowl, spoon prepared Apple Pie filling. Add cooked apple slices. Set heat at MEDIUM.

3. Add corn starch and water. Stir till blended with filling from can. Cook on MEDIUM till mixture thickens. Remove from heat.

4. TIP: Brush egg white onto pie shell to keep pie filling from soaking through.

5. Pour entire mixture into one pie shell. Use spatula to get all of the filling from pan into shell. Spread mixture evenly so it touches shell’s sides.

6. Turn second pie shell upside down. Carefully, flip onto the filled pie shell. Use spatula to gently work shell down. With thumb and fingers, go around shell’s edges and push them together.

 

CRUMB TOPPING

1.In small bowl, combine topping ingredients. Mix well, till all crumbs are slightly moist. Mixture should look a little lumpy.

2. Spoon fine mixture onto top of pie. Spread evenly.

3. With fork (long prongs preferred), puncture small holes through topping, and into top pie shell.

 

BAKE pie for 45-50 minutes, or until bits of filling glaze bubble up through those small holes.

SERVE warm, or cooled.

 

************************************

A blessed Thanksgiving to everyone.

***********************************

Thank you for sharing your experiences, ideas and thoughts – and for visiting “Painting with Bob.”

 

Copyright 2016. Robert D. Hajtovik. All rights reserved.

Painter’s View: Olympic-Style Painting

Following the construction of competition sites for the 2016 Olympics in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, I got a free refresher course on specialty coatings.

 

Nearly every event’s set-up required the use of products custom engineered for the surface and area on which it was to be applied.

 

  1. Each event’s physical components required products that would withstand the type and level of exposure, and wear and tear, unique to that event.
  2. All products had to be safe for both the environment and the people, also non-toxic and suitable for the arid climate.
  3. Paint products had to be unusually durable, “colorfast” and water/sun/fade proof.
  4. Paint products had to be 100 percent tint/hue/shade accurate to the Olympic Committee’s color palette for that particular event and site.
  5. All paint products had to be 100 percent suitable for the event and site.
  6. All paint products needed to be aesthetically appealing, complementary to each other, and alluring to the spectators.
  7. All paint products needed to (a) cover their respective surfaces in the minimal number of coats; (b) dry fast to the touch; and (c) require industrial painting experience, but not highly specialized (thus costly) expertise.
  8. All paint products needed to require minimal surface prepping and fast, easy clean-up of the area and tools used there.

 

Watching the different events on TV, I looked for close-up camera shots. Peeks at the finished jobs of Rio‘s local painters and certified application specialists (CAS).

 

My post-Olympics objective via Linkedin.com: Connect with one or more Rio painters that had worked on the event sites. Question: Why hadn’t that crossed my mind during the 9-12 months actual construction time frame?

 

Question for the non-Olympics painters out there: What would you want to know from a Rio Olympics site painter?

 

 

13 – WELL, 14 – QUESTIONS I’M PLANNING TO ASK RIO OLYMPICS SITE PAINTERS

 

  1. What was your greatest enjoyment or pleasure in working on the Olympics project?
  2. What standard products – used on regular commercial and industrial projects – did you use on the Olympics project? In what areas mainly?
  3. What products caused you the greatest application challenges?
  4. What surfaces and areas were the hardest to coat?
  5. What weather problems did you run into? What was your longest down time?
  6. Previously, how many times had you used the specialty products that you used for the Olympics?
  7. What special tools and equipment did you need to use?
  8. What’s the largest quantity of paint that you applied on one event’s site?
  9. Were you under tight time constraints most of the time?
  10. With surfaces to be installed at outdoor event sites, what percentage of the prep and painting had to be done, say, inside a building?
  11. Would you work on an Olympics painting project again?
  12. What advice would you give to any painter looking at working on an Olympics site in 2020?
  13. How should he or she be preparing to handle the job right, and with minimal stress?

 

 

At this point, I don’t know what kind of success I’ll have connecting with a Rio Olympics painter. I’ve put out the word to a few well-known persons in the construction industry in the Rio area – and in Brazil. I’m hopeful.

 

Footnote: In the 1980s, Chicago planned to vie for the next Olympics games. Architect Norman DeHaan was serving on the committee that was coordinating those efforts. Among the groups that he enlisted was the Lake Michigan Region Planning Council (LMRPC). Its membership list read like the WHO’S WHO in architecture, design, engineering, and construction based in the Midwest.

 

At an LMRPC officers’ meeting held over 18 months out, he shared some facts about the greatest challenges facing Chicago’s Olympics planning committee. “Working with, and pleasing, so many special interest groups needed to pull off such an event. It’s mind boggling…”

 

Question 14 for the Rio Olympics painters: Was that how you felt, anticipating going into a painting project of such gigantic size?

 

***************************************************************************

Special Olympics-style projects keep us on our toes and focused on top results!

***************************************************************************

 

Thrive at working on whatever special project that you are on.

 

And, thanks for visiting “Painting with Bob.”

 

Copyright 2016. Robert D. Hajtovik. All rights reserved.

PAINTSHOP GUIDE: WHAT WORKS AND WHAT DOESN’T

WHAT WORKS WELL

 

1. Matching paint color for brush-ups.

TIP: Use the same paint made by the same manufacturer as used on that surface before.

 

2. Removing toxic Black mold infestations.

TIP: Use bleach and hydrogen peroxide mixture.

 

3. Cleaning dried paint from brushes

TIP: Latex/water-based. Soak brush in paint/varnish remover for 15 minutes only.

TIP: Oil-based. Soak brush in lacquer thinner for 1 hour.

 

4. Removing paint splatters from carpeting.

TIP: Use lacquer thinner, acetone. Caution: First test on splatters in least visible spot.

 

5. Camouflaging dents in the wall.

TIP: Feather edge compound. Match existing paint texture. Test with various tools.

 

6. Covering up major damages to headboards and table tops.

TIP; Use colored wax pencils; markers for scratches.

TIP: Apply colored varnish or clear finish.

 

7.Refinishing guest room furniture.

TIP: Stain bare spots. Touch up varnish or paint finish.

TIP: Clean all wax, polish or grease.

 

8.Revitalizing furniture in public areas.

TIP: Sand item. Then completely paint or apply new clear finish.

 

9. Drawing attention away from surfaces/areas in worn condition.

TIP: Paint some areas with accent colors.

TIP: Thoroughly clean surfaces which are worn.

 

10. Upgrading area’s appearance by creating accent finishes on surfaces.

TIP: Using least used and strongest hue/tint/shade in color scheme, apply a faux design to smallest wall in area.

TIP: Create dado/wainscoting effect by faux finishing part of small wall in area.

 

 

WHAT DOES NOT WORK

 

1. Matching paint color for touch-ups.

TIP: Same color, with different sheen, will not match when viewing surface from an angle.

TIP; Don’t use a different manufacturer for same color.

TIP: Don’t try to match surfaces which have oxidized or become faded from sunlight or other elements.

 

2. Removal of toxic Black mold spores.

TIP: Soap and water will not kill mold spores of fungi.

TIP: Hot water will not kill mold spores.

 

3. Cleaning dried paint from brushes

TIP: Latex/water-based. Do not soak brush in lacquer thinner, or paint remover.

TIP: Oil-based. Do not use soap and water. Do not use paint remover.

 

4. Removing paint splatters from carpeting.

TIP: Don’t use paint or varnish remover, or volatile solvent.

TIP: Don’t use carpet cleaner.

 

5. Camouflaging dents in the wall.

TIP: Don’t try to repair/fix area in one application.

TIP: Don’t use products that are incompatible, especially if it is something which can’t be sanded nor smoothed.

 

6. Covering up major damage to headboards and table tops.

TIP: Don’t re-stain only.

TIP: Don’t apply new finish without first cleaning surface.

 

7. Refinishing guest room furniture.

TIP: Don’t touch up with brush; use an air brush.

TIP: Don’t skip sanding between finish coats.

TIP: Don’t use “painter” paint rags to dust surface; use tack cloth.

TIP: Don’t apply color only; top coat with clear finish.

 

8. Revitalizing furniture in public areas.

TIP: Don’t touch up multiple areas. It will show.

TIP: Don’t use bright colors on the majority of surfaces in the area(s).

TIP: Don’t touch up spots which are bare or rusted.

 

9. Drawing attention away from surfaces/areas in worn condition.

TIP: Don’t use gloss paint materials. Imperfections will look magnified.

TIP: Don’t use incompatible paint products.

 

10. Upgrading area’s appearance by creating accent finishes on surfaces.

TIP: Don’t use flat, dull finishes.

TIP: Don’t skip on surface preparation.

 

FINAL TIP: Keep some kind of simple notebook or log – eg. on your hand-held device. Most professional painters and decorators wish that they’d done so in the past. I remember a few projects when it would have saved me valuable time and hassle, if I’d been able to refer back to some notes. Rather than, under stress, try to pick it out of my memory bank.

 

****************************************************************

Painters: Thank you for making it a part of your standard practice

to seek out better, safer and easier ways to do your job.

****************************************************************

And, thank you for visiting “Painting with Bob.”

Copyright 2016. Robert D. Hajtovik. All rights reserved.

When a Reckless Driver Delivers 2.5 Tons of Steel Trouble. Twice!

The date: June, 2016. Twenty-three years after the accident.

 

Out of nowhere came the light bulb moment, connecting a smorghesburg of symptoms to that underlying cause. Then, the prognosis.

 

Then, the safest solution: Cervical spine surgery: Removal of four discs (C3-C6), then insertion of four prosthetics. Then, attachment of a thin plate to stabilize the entire cervical spinal column.

 

 

But, what has gotten her – my mother – to surgery? To that “last resort” choice to treat severe spinal impingement?

 

 

  1. Short-fusing of her patient, caring and creative soul.
  2. Occular hazing, that cast pre-dawn like mist over her view.
  3. Sleeplessness and nervousness that defied any Hathi yoga move or position.
  4. Shutting off air supply, whether sitting, after walking into store, or completing walk.
  5. Numbness that, for her, forgot her fingers were grasping a cup or salad fork, letting it slide away, onto the floor.
  6. Tingling that skipped up the nerves in the arms like a wire short-circuiting itself out.
  7. Sudden runs of uncontrollable fast heartbeats that kicked anxiety into high gear, raised the BP, and led her to the ER at 2:30 am, one or two times a year.
  8. Burning shoulders and connective muscles and joints, that limited vertical range of motion to 6 inches, horizontal to 4, diagonal to 3, and backward to 2-to-4.
  9. Weakened muscles, tendons, joints, and ligaments, limiting weight bearing to 1-to-2 pounds, pain-free mobility to minus 0.
  10. Strange, low grade fever that persistently showed up, and hung around every night.
  11. Chest wall and muscle soreness and constriction.
  12. Drowning nightsweats that dehydrated the system without a hint of the real cause.
  13. Dizziness when raising her head from computer or pillow, turning in any direction, or moving it up or down.
  14. Recurring inflammation and blood oxygen depletion (anemia).
  15. Uncontrollable, unexplainable swelling (edema) of extremities, hands, and inside the actual cervical spine area!

 

Not being discussed, nor disputed: the risks of getting surgery, and the risks of not getting surgery.

 

Not being doubted nor feared: the life-and-death need for the surgery. As laid out by the neurosurgeons in a 20-plus minute joint in-office meet-and-greet.

 

Not being overestimated nor expected: a perfect solution.

 

After all, as Chicago friend and physiologist Nathan Lavenda, Ph.D. put it one week after the accident in 1992:

 

“Always remember, Sandra: You have had something very valuable taken away from you that you will never get back.”

 

Her spine. Oh, yeah, Nathan!

 

F.Y.I. ALERT: Your cervical spine, signaled by the brain, controls and affects how your body functions. Each cervical area is connected, one way or another, to the entire cervical spine, and also to the thoracic and lumbar parts of the spinal cord. The list below will give you an idea how.

 

1. Autonomic Nervous System

A. C3, with C1-C4 linked directly: controls your intracranial vessels, C1 – otis, mandibular, cranial and facial vessels.

B. C4: controls larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs.

C. C5-C6: controls pulmonary system.

D. C1-C4, C5-C8, T1-T5: control the heart.

E. C4-C6: control medial area of dorsal remi, main “supporting column” of spine.

 

2. Nerves of the Back

A. C2-C3: relates to occipital nerve, and cervical plexus.

B. C4-T6: concerns nerves of medial cutaneous: the dorsal remi.

C. C5-C6: relates to nerves of super and lateral brachial cutaneous – back of arm, rib cage that runs ajacent to the underarm, trapezius (including sub, supra, scapula),

D. C7: helps control nerves in minimal, yet essential functional ways.

 

3. Sub occipital

A. C3: controls 3rd occipital nerves/dorsal that run along back of head between ears.

B. C2-C3: also control dorsal remi of neck, the great auricular nerve between ears.

 

4. Dermatous/Nerves

A. C2-C6: controls clavicles.

B. C5-C7: controls lateral part of the limbs.

C. C6: controls thumbs; C6-C8: controls hands.

 

5. Cervical Plexus

A. C3-C4: controls longus capitus coli, also scalene and levator scapulae, muscles.

B. C3: controls ansa cervicalis – the super/inferior root, sternohyoid muscles, and omolyoid/inferior belly muscles.

C. C4: controls the supraclavular nerves.

 

6. External Crani-Cervical Ligaments

A. C3-C4: controls Zygapophysed (1st) joints – anterior.

 

F.Y.I. WARNING: Cervical spine damage is irreversible, painful and progressive. Many of its victims, such as my mother, are involuntary. Some persons can choose not to engage in activities that may cause permanent, and serious, injuries to their spinal cord.

 

CLOSING THOUGHT:   The next time you’re behind the wheel, please remember that the spine you save might belong to someone close to you, or to you. Please drive defensively and safely. Please don’t text or talk on your cell phone. Please minimize the in-cabin conversations and activities. And, please relax. Enjoy the ride. Enjoy the moment.

 

**************************************

Say a little prayer, if you please.

**************************************

And, many thanks for visiting “Painting with Bob.”

Copyright 2016. Robert D. Hajtovik. All rights reserved.

Tag Cloud